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Relationships between the size of the adenoids and the dental arch measurements

INTRODUCTION: Enlarged adenoids are often associated with oral breathing. The latter can impact the dental arches. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between dental arch measurements and the size of adenoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 86 children. The dimensions of the adenoids were determined from nine radiographic evaluation methods and the dental arch measurements made on the casts. The association between the grade of adenoids and the dental arch measurements was sought by Spearman correlation. That between the quantitative variables assessing adenoids and dental arch measurements was sought by Pearson correlation. The strength of these associations was analyzed using Cohen's values in 1988. The significance was set at p = 0.05. RESULTS: Palatal depth was significantly and positively correlated with adenoid grade according to the method of Holmberg and Linder-Aronson (rho = 0.55, p = 0.005) and with the adenoid measurements according to the methods of Kemaloglu, Fujioka, Johannesson, De Menezes and Maran with r respectively equal to 0.65, 0.59, 0.63, 0.47, 0.74; and p respectively equal to 0.001, 0.002, 0.001, 0.019, and < 0.001. It was also significantly but negatively correlated with the adenoids measurements according to Hibbert's method (r = -0.52, p = 0.008). Overbite was significantly and negatively correlated with adenoid dimension using the De Menezes method (r = -0.541, p = 0.006). DISCUSSION: The strength of the associations shows that using respectively Maran and De Menezes methods can allow to better highlight the association between the dimensions of the adenoids and the palatal depth and the overbite.

Auteur(s) : Diouf JS, Ouedraogo Y, Seck K, Badiane A, Ngom PI, Diop-Ba K, Zouaki A, Diagne F
Année de publication : 2018
Revue : Orthod Fr.
N° de volume : 89
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : NGOM Papa Ibrahima