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Parasitic Infections among Children under Five Years in Senegal : Prevalence and Effect on Anaemia and Nutritional Status.

conducted to assess the relationship between malaria parasitaemia, intestinal worms, and anaemia, in children <' years living in low transmission area in Senegal. A survey was carried out in $à villages in the central part of Senegal. A two-level random cluster sampling technique was used to select study participant. Children <' years were enrolled a*er informed consent. For each child, blood thick and smear tests were performed, haemoglobin concentration was measured with HemoCue, and stool samples were collected and examined using the Ritchie technique. A total of à$& children were recruited. Malaria parasite prevalence was .'% (à.à–!.&); anaemia was found in '$.(% ((+.!–'+.,), while intestinal parasites and stunting represented !&.!% (!!.&–$à.!) and !!% (+.&–!'.'), respectively. In a logistic regression analysis, anaemia was signi-cantly associated with malaria parasitaemia (aOR= &.$ (.'–'$.')) and stunting (aOR = ! (.!–$.)); no association was found between intestinal parasites and anaemia. Malaria and anaemia remain closely associated even when malaria is declining. Scaling up antimalarial interventions may contribute to eliminate malaria and reduce the occurrence of anaemia among children.

Auteur(s) : Roger C. K. Tine, Babacar Faye, Cheikh T. Ndour, Khadime Sylla, Doudou Sow, Magatte Ndiaye, Jean L. Ndiaye, Pascal Magnussen, Michael Alifrangis, Ib C
Pages : 6
Année de publication : 2013
Revue : ISRN Parasitology
Type : Article
Statut Editorial : Open Acess
Mise en ligne par : TINE Roger Clément Kouly