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Architectural Accessibility of Patients with Reduced Mobility in Dakar (Senegal) Dental Clinics: An Action Research

Introduction: Reduced mobility is a situation of disability due to a reduction in the ability to move in the public space of a person, temporarily or permanently. The aim of this work was to study the architectural accessibility of people with reduced mobility in private dental clinics in Dakar through a research-action. Method: This action research involved one hundred people with reduced mobility, fifty dental clinics and fifty dental surgeons. The purpose was to describe the clinics environment, to administer questionnaire to patients with reduced mobility (PRM) and to provide dentists with disability information documents. Secondarily, a questionnaire was submitted to them for self-administration. Information included variables related to architectural accessibility, satisfaction with office accessibility and dentist attitudes after information. Results: More than 3/4 of the clinics did not have elevators and 92% did not have adapted toilets. More than one fifth of dentists had lost sight of PRM. PRM were not satisfied with toilets (74%), comfort (73%) and stairs (59%). After awareness, more than 4/5 of the dentists were ready to make home visits to the PRM and 70% had a move for better accessibility. Conclusion: Dental surgeons must then ensure the establishment of adapted places for people with disabilities and reserved for their use, accessible communication devices, and access to all parts and equipment of the dental office independently, translating more satisfactorily the reality of an inclusive society.

Auteur(s) : Diouf Massamba*, Diop Mbatio, Kanouté Aida, Sandi Loubna, Cissé Daouda, Lo Cheikh, and Faye
Année de publication : 2019
Revue : Annals of Public Health and Research
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOUF Massamba