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Evolution of Dental Caries in Schoolchildren in Senegal from 1966 to 2014: Literature Synthesis

Despite considerable progress in the area of oral health, problems remain in many communities, particularly among disadvantaged groups in developed and developing countries [1]. The distribution and severity of oral diseases vary across continents and within countries and regions. In industrialized countries, the incidence of dental caries tends to decline, while in developing countries it is progressing, influenced by caries-favourable lifestyle changes and a lack of effective prevention policies [2]. According to the WHO World Oral Health Report in 2003, among children aged 12 years, caries experience (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth, DMFT) is 3.4 [2]. The age of 12 years is an indicator age for WHOM; at this age all the permanent teeth except the third molars will have erupted in the mouth. In addition, because most children are still at school and thus easily examined, this is the most frequently used age for international comparisons and monitoring of the disease. Several epidemiological surveys carried out in Senegal in this age group showed varying prevalence of caries: 68% in 1987 in Dakar; 67% in 2003 in Diourbel; 59.8% in 2002 in Sebikotane; 51% in 2014 in Senegal [3-7]. No studies have been done on the totality of data collected on dental caries in children. It is thus of interest to conduct a study on the evolution of dental caries from epidemiological surveys that have been carried out among school children. The aim of this study is to describe the evolution of dental caries prevalence and DMFT among children in Senegal from 1966 to 2014.

Auteur(s) : Massamba DIOUF, Aida KANOUTE, Mbatio DIOP, Jean-Claude GUINAN, Amadou DIENG, Daouda CISSE, Isseu DIOP, Cheikh Mbacke LO and Daouda FAYE
Année de publication : 2019
Revue : Open Journal of Public Health
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOUF Massamba