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Condition féminine et exclusion dans Levantado do Chão de José Saramago

Abstract During all times, since the classical Antiquity to nowadays, in approximately all the human societies, people has assigned wrongly to women a secondary place ; and that in order to control their fecondity and legitimating thus a male « supremacy » as old as the world. Platon sees throughout woman the reincarnation of beings of a few vertue. Aristote consideres that she is characterized by her fragility, her weakness, her inclination to pity, her capacity in informal education and household works and having as a unique support her predisposition to enchantment. From there to the exclusion, there is only one step to get over. Cutting down civic rights, disparity of professional status were, between others, the consequences of those doubtful and unfounded machinations. Meanwhile Simone de Beauvoir, had written in 1949 : « On ne naît pas femme, on le devient ». In some Anglo-saxon countries a similar circle of influence works in favor of women emancipation. In Portugal, the republican women, in the earlier XXth century, had already been aware of the importancy of woman emancipation and her part in the republican life at all levels. It finds a favourable echo in their three poductive female authors of their generation : Maria Isabel Barreno, Maria Teresa Horta, Maria Velho da Costa who publish in 1972 Novas Cartas Portuguesas. Conscious about the woman part in the polis, Jose Saramago links the woman one of the figurehead of his literary work. We will thus read the female condition in Levantado do Chão (1980) in light of the dialectical relationship that ties up it to the concept of exclusion, enlightened by the theorical readings about it. KEY-WORDS : gender, exclusion, poetics, Levantado do Chão, Jose Saramago, portuguese (litterature), portuguese (language).

Auteur(s) : Mahamadou DIAKHITE
Pages : P43-54
Année de publication : 2017
Revue : ARCIV - Annales de la Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines Nouvelle Série N° 47/A 2017
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIAKHITE Mahamadou