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Desulfovibrio senegalensis sp. nov., a mesophilic sulfate reducer isolated from marine sediment

Several strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria were isolated from marine sediments recovered from Hann Bay (Senegal). All were related to members of the genus Desulfovibrio. A strictly anaerobic, mesophilic and moderately halophilic strain designated BLaC1T was further characterized. Cells of strain BLaC1T stained Gram-negative and were 0.5?m wide and 2–4?m long, motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. The four major fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Growth was observed from 15 to 45 C (optimum 40 C) and at pH 5.5–8 (optimum pH 7.5). The salinity range for growth was 5–65 g NaCl / l (optimum 30 g/l ). Yeast extract was required for growth. Strain BLaC1T was able to grow on lactate and acetate in the presence of sulfate as an electron acceptor. Sulfate, thiosulfate and sulfite could serve as terminal electron acceptors, but not fumarate, nitrate or elemental sulfur. The DNA G+C content was 55.8 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis assigned strain BLaC1T to the family Desulfovibrionaceae; its closest relative was Desulfovibrio oxyclinae DSM 19275T (93.7% similarity). On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons and physiological characteristics, strain BLaC1T is proposed as representing a novel species of Desulfovibrio, with the name Desulfovibrio senegalensis sp. nov. The type strain is BLaC1T (=DSM 101509T=JCM 31063T).

Auteur(s) : Abdoulaye Thioye,1,2 Zouhaier Ben Ali Gam,2 Malick Mbengue,1 Jean-Luc Cayol,2 Manon Joseph-Bartoli,2Coumba Toure-Kane3 and Marc Labat2,*
Pages : 3162-3166
Année de publication : 2017
Revue : International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
N° de volume : 67
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : MBENGUE Malick