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“Citizenship and Religious Identity in Senegal (1970s-2000s) »

Senegal is characterized by a democratic State and a will of vivre ensemble. This specificity is challenged by new identities, including Islamic ones and spread through the public space after the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Some of them organize to win state power, having concluded that the existing political context is the main obstacle to social reform. They regard citizenship as practice. The returning to an Islamic Ummah was kept aside. Who should govern? How to govern? To face political islam, the Senegalese ruling class has always encouraged the forms of religious mobilization considered to be non-oppositional. Beyond this political debate, the tradition of dialogue de vie, based on mutual acceptance, mutual respect for freedom of conscience and worship, sharing and cooperation, takes place in all fields of common existence between Muslims and Christians in Senegal. The rediscovery of Islam as the lieu of widening of the public space, renewing with the tradition, understood as a movement, an openness and a pluralism, without erasing the identity of non-muslim minorities in their right to be different, symbolizes somewhere the capacity of innovating of the Senegalese citizenship in a secular State.


Auteur(s) : Benga, Ndiouga
Pages : 338-348
Année de publication : 2015
Revue : Cultural and Religious Studies
N° de volume : 3, numéro 6
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : BENGA Ndiouga