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Factors Related to Depression in Patients

Depression is often encountered with chronic diseases such as renal failure, for which the prognosis has been improved by hemodialysis. The occurrence of depression with these chronic ailments is related to several factors. The aim of this work was to identify risk factors for depression in a population of patients undergoing hemodialysis due to renal failure. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study from 1st January 2012 to 31st May 2014 in the setting of the hemodialysis unit of the Nephrology Department of the Aristide Le Dantec Hospital in Dakar, Senegal. The study population was comprised of chronic hemodialysis patients who had freely and unequivocally provided their informed consent. The self-reporting Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) short-form for depression was used. This short-form version of the BDI was a tool designed to allow the practitioner to perform a rapid assessment of depression. It consisted of 13 items. After administering this assessment, we also collected all the epidemiological and clinical data for this patient population using a pre-established form. Eight-three patients were recruited during the course of the study. These comprised 39 males (47%) and 44 females (53%), i.e. a sex ratio of 0.88. The mean age was 44.73 years, ranging from 18 to 79. The incidence of depression, according to the shortform BDI, for this population was 57.8%. The duration of the dialysis treatment and a diabetic background constituted the principal factors that correlated significantly with depression. Depression correlated neither with age, gender, nor marital status. Professional engagement, level of education, socioeconomic status and prior incidences of depression also did not correlate with the occurrence of depression. In this study, depression affected more than half of the individuals with renal failure. The principal risk factors were the duration of the dialysis treatment and a diabetic background.

Auteur(s) : Ndiaye Ndongo Ndèye Dialé*, Samba Oumar Mamadou, Sylla Aida, Thiam Mamadou Habib, Diouf Boucar
Pages : 409-414
Année de publication : 2015
Revue : Psychology
N° de volume : 6
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : NDIAYE Ndèye Dialé