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Reactions of acetaldehyde on CeO2 and CeO2-supported catalysts

The reactions of acetaldehyde were investigated on the surfaces of CeO2, 3 wt% Pd/CeO2, 3 wt% Co/CeO2, and 3 wt% Pd-3 wt% Co/CeO2 by temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The surface and bulk compositions of these catalysts were studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and CO chemisorption. XRD patterns indicated that the fluorite structure of CeO2 was maintained in all catalysts (calcined and H2-reduced) and that there were no apprediable differences in particle dimension between CeO2 alone (96 Å) and metal/CeO2 catalysts (84-98 Å). Reduced catalysts were investigated by XPS: Ce (3d) spectra indicated the precence of Ce3+ cations, evidenced by V? and U? peaks at 885.0 and 903.7 eV, together with Ce4+ species. Co 2p spectra indicated the presence of Co2+ cations, evidenced by the Co 2p3/2 line at 781.0 eV (and its satellite at about 788 eV) and Co 2p1/2 at 797.0 eV (and its satellite at about 804 eV). Pd metal was detected on Pd/CeO2 and Pd-Co/CeO2. Several reactions of acetaldehyde were observed; they can be classified as oxidation, reduction, or carbon-carbon bond formation reactions. Oxidation to acetates and reduction to ethanol were observed on all catalysts; acetate species were identified by their IR bands at 1560-1540, 1451, 1400, 1343, and 1020 cm?1 at room temperature, and ethanol was observed to desorb at ca, 400 K during acetaldehyde TPD. Several other adsorbed species were observed (on hydrogen reduced catalysts) by IR: acetyl, fingerprinted by a 1684 cm?1 band on metal/CeO2, ?2 (C, O) acetaldehyde (bands at 1220-1268, 1175-1156, 950-940 cm?1) on Pd/CeO2 and Pd-Co/CeO2, and CO adsorbed by its carbon to metal (Pd, Co) and by its oxygen to reduced Ce, giving rise to bands at 1730, 1739, and 1750 cm?1. Four C-C bond formation reactions were observed: (1) ?-aldolization to crotonaldehyde and crotyl alcohol (most prominent on CeO2 alone), (2) acetate ketonization to acetone and CO2 on CeO2 and Co/CeO2, (3) acetyl reaction with methyl species to give acetone on Pd/CeO2, Co/CeO2, and Pd-Co/CeO2 (this acetone desorption was coincident with propane desorption on Pd/CeO2 and Co/CeO2), (4) reductive coupling of two molecules of acetaldehyde to butene and butadiene (on CeO2 and Co/CeO2). Pd-Co/CeO2 adsorbed four times more CO than did Pd/CeO2 or Co/CeO2 and was the most active for acetaldehyde conversion.

Auteur(s) : H Idriss, C Diagne, JP Hindermann, A Kiennemann
Pages : 219–237
Année de publication : 1995
Revue : Journal of Catalysis
N° de volume : 155( 2)
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIAGNE Cheikh Talibouya