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The efficiency and competitiveness of three Mesorhizobium sp. strains nodulating Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. under water deficiency conditions in the greenhouse

The combined effects of drought and salinity were investigated on the growth, efficiency and competitiveness of three Mesorhizobium sp. strains (ORS 3416, ORS 3428 and ORS 3437) isolated from Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. Sixteen combinations of polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 (0, 6, 12, 20%, w/v) and NaCl (0.005, 0.5, 1, 1.5%, w/v) were used to study rhizobial strains growth in screw-capped tubes containing yeast extract mannitol liquid medium. Whatever the combination, the strains grew. However, high concentrations of PEG 6000 and NaCl were depressed on rhizobial growth but strain ORS 3428 was the most tolerant. The effect of rhizobial inoculation on growth of A. senegal plants was also examined under non-limited (100% of water holding capacity, WHC) and water-limited conditions (50% WHC) in the greenhouse for 4 months on non-sterile sandy soil. A significant decrease in the nodulation rate, nodule dry weight, plant height and shoot dry weight was observed under water-limited conditions. Nevertheless, inoculation with the three selected Mesorhizobium strains significantly improved nodulation and A. sénégal plant growth under water-limited conditions. Whatever the irrigation condition, strains ORS 3428 and ORS 3437 were more competitive than ORS 3416. These rhizobial strains may prove valuable for inoculation of Acacia senegal plants grown for transplantation to dry saline habitats.

Auteur(s) : Fall D, Ourarhi M, Missbah El Idrissi M, Bakhoum N, Zoubeirou AM, Abdelmoumen H, Diouf D
Pages : 87-94
Année de publication : 1900
Revue : Symbiosis
N° de volume : 54
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOUF Diégane