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Evaluation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) versus calcium hydroxide cement (Dycal®) in the formation of a dentine bridge: a randomised controlled trial.

To assess the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) used as an indirect pulp-capping material in human molar and premolar teeth. Methodology: We conducted a clinical evaluation of 60 teeth, which underwent an indirect pulpcapping procedure with eitherMTAor calcium hydroxide cement (Dycal). Calcium hydroxide was compared withMTAand the thickness of the newly formed dentine was measured at regular time intervals. The follow-up was at 3 and 6 months, and dentine formation was monitored by radiological measurements on digitised images using Mesurim Pro software. Results: At 3 months, the clinical success rates of MTA and calcium hydroxide were 93% and 73%, respectively (P = 0.02). At 6 months, the success rate was 89.6% with MTA, and remained steady at 73% with calcium hydroxide (P = 0.63). The mean initial residual dentine thickness was 0.23 mm, and increased by 0.121 mm with MTA and by 0.136 mmwith calcium hydroxide at 3 months. At 6 months, there was an increase of 0.235 mmwithMTAand of 0.221 mm with calcium hydroxide. Conclusions: A higher success rate was observed in the MTA group relative to the Dycal group after 3 months, which was statistically significant. After 6 months, no statistically significant difference was found in the dentine thickness between the two groups. Additional histological investigations are needed to support these findings.


Auteur(s) : LEYE-BENOIST F, GAYE NDIAYE F, KANE AW, BENOIST HM, FARGE P.
Pages : 33-9
Année de publication : 2012
Revue : International Dental Journal
N° de volume : 62 (1)
Type : Article
Statut Editorial : Dr Stephen Hancocks, OBE
Mise en ligne par : LEYE Fatou