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Synthesis and Electropolymerization of New Phenylene-Substituted Dipyrridyls, Electrochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization

The present paper sets out the synthesis and electropolymerization process of 1,1'-phenylenedipyrridyl and 1,1'-diphenylenedipyrridyl. These compounds are prepared by Clauson-Kaas methods with 35 or 71 % yield and characterized. UV-visible electronic absorption spectra and electrochemical methods were used to examine the effects of the electronic p-system extension in 1,1'-phenylenedipyrridyl and 1,1'-diphenylenedipyrridyl structures on the monomer properties relative to N-phenylpyrrole. Also, 1,1'-phenylenedipyrridyl and 1,1'-diphenylenedipyrridyl were electropolymerized on platinum electrode by anodic oxidation in 0.1 M tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate (Bu4NPF6) acetonitrile or dichloromethane solutions and characterized by electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques. The electronic p-system extension effects on the poly(1,1'-phenylenedipyrridyl) physico-chemical properties and structure were investigated by cyclic voltammetry, FT-IR, UV-visible and XPS spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cyclic voltammetry of the poly(1,1'-phenylenedipyrridyl) films indicated a good redox behaviour and an improvement of the electrochemical properties. FT-IR spectral studies indicated a linear structure of this polymer with 2, 5 coupling on the pyrrole ring. SEM analysis showed that polymer film morphology changed between the oxidized and reduced states. The solid-state UV-visible spectra of the poly(1,1'- phenylenedipyrridyl) films on ITO were characterized by a significant red-shift of the absorption maximum, as compared to poly(1,1'- phenylenedipyrridyl) film. Moreover, the very low amount of poly(1,1'-diphenylenedipyrridyl) film obtained during the electropolymerization process and electrochemical studies of electrosynthesized poly(1,1'-diphenylenedipyrridyl) showed that the polymer properties modulated by extension of the monomer electronic p-system can be limited by steric effects.

Auteur(s) : Abdou Karim Diagne Diaw, Modou Fall, Diariatou Gningue-Sall, J.J. Aaron and Abderrahim Yassar
Pages : 5973-5980
Année de publication : 2015
Revue : Asian Journal of Chemistry
N° de volume : 26
Type : Article
Statut Editorial : Asian Journal of Chemistry
Mise en ligne par : DIAW Abdou Karim Diagne