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6.Prise en charge de la douleur de l’enfant atteint de cancer en Afrique : état des lieux au sein du Groupe franco-africain d’oncologie pédiatrique

INTRODUCTION: The French-African Pediatric Oncology group (GFAOP) has contributed to a significant improvement in the prognosis of pediatric cancers in Africa through the development of therapeutic protocols adapted to local conditions. In parallel, the development of supportive care such as pain management, is now a major priority of our group. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the management of pain in children with cancer in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODOLOGY: A questionnaire was sent to both the doctor and nurse responsible for each of the 8 pilot units (PUs). RESULTS: All physicians and 2 nurses answered the questionnaire. Human resources (3 doctors and 4 nurses per PU) were modest compared to the size of the pediatric population (71 million) and the mean number of 102 cases of cancer/year per PU. Only six physicians had received specific training in pediatric oncology. Morphine was available in only 5 of the 8 PUs; major limitations for its prescription were mainly inconsistent availability (62.5%), fear of side effects (50%), and regulations (37.5%). During the curative phase, more than half of the parents had to buy analgesics when leaving the PU. Pain assessment relied mainly on clinical evaluation (8/8), but was generally concordant with parents' assessment. The majority of patients experienced pain at diagnosis and at a higher degree at relapse, cancer being the predominant etiology. Pain related to other causes such as medical procedures, mucositis, and neuropathic pain was detected; however, its management remained inadequate. Only 2 of 8 PUs had a written protocol for pain management. These deficiencies can be explained by limited resources, both human and financial, but also by cultural factors such as endurance against pain still advocated by many African traditions. CONCLUSION: In recent years, pain prevention and relief, whatever its origin, have become a priority for all medical teams, especially for children with cancer. With its profound sociocultural changes, Africa is no exception. All teams in our group are aware of the situation and hope for major improvement in pain management in the near future through increased resources and training.

Auteur(s) : A. Yao, C. Coze, F. Traoré, N. André, Moreira C, A. Pondy, S. Randriamihoatra, C. Bouda, R. Lukamba, G. Koffi, M. Harif
Pages : 257 - 264
Année de publication : 2013
Revue : Archives de pédiatrie
N° de volume : 20
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : MOREIRA Claude