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Unenhanced 3D Turbo Spin Echo MR angiography of lower limbs in peripheral arterial disease: a comparative study with gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and diagnostic performance of an unenhanced MR angiography sequence (Syngo Native Space, Siemens Healthcare) to detect and quantify lower-limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD), with gado- linium-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) as the reference standard. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-one patients known to have lower-limb arteriopa- thy were included in this prospective study. For every patient, we performed Native sequence and CE-MRA on a 1.5-T system. We evaluated examination duration, image quality, and lo- cation, number, and severity of lesions. RESULTS. Examination duration was longer for Native sequence (mean, 39.6 min, vs 10 min for CE-MRA). Image quality was significantly better for CE-MRA, with 92% of images listed as good to excellent for CE-MRA, compared to 53% for Native. Sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of Native were respectively 75%, 95%, 89%, and 88% for all mixed levels; 52%, 97%, 88%, and 87% for aortoiliac level; 87%, 99%, 95%, and 92% for femoropopliteal level; and 82%, 87%, 87%, and 85% for subpopliteal level. If we considered only patients with Leriche and Fontaine stage II arteriopathy, Native results were slightly better, with respective specificities and NPVs of 96% and 91% for all mixed levels; 98% and 90% for aortoiliac level; 98% and 93% for femoropopliteal level; and 91% and 90% for subpopliteal level. CONCLUSION. Unenhanced MR angiography, cheaper than CE-MRA, showed in our study a good NPV, which suggests its utility as first-line test to screen for PAD, especially in patients at risk of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis.

Pages : 1145-50
Année de publication : 2013
Revue : Vascular and Interventional Radiology. Am J Roentgenol
N° de volume : 200(5)
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOP Abdoulaye Dione