Ethnobotanic Survey of Aids Opportunistic Infections in the Fatick and Kaolack District (Senegal).
HIV / AIDS infection is characterized by the reduction of the body's defenses favoring the
occurrence "opportunistic" infections, as furuncle, encephalitis and tuberculosis etc. Thus, to fight
against this virus, antiretrovirals are used.
The Kaolack and Fatick District have a prevalence rate (2.1%) above the national average of 0.7%.
The aim of this study is to inventory the plants used against the treatment of opportunistic HIV /
AIDS diseases because the populations often resort to phytotherapy. It is in this sense that a survey
of twenty seven herbalists, Seventeen tradipraticians and eleven resource persons was conducted
to identify the plants used in the management of opportunistic AIDS diseases. One hundred fifteen
plants could be identified and divided into ninety seven genera and forty seven families. Some
species have been mentioned very frequently and in many diseases. These are: Pterocarpus
erinaceus (60%), Acacia nilotica (58.1%), Ficus thonningii (54.5%), Detarium microcarpum (52.7%),
Guiera senegalensis (45.4%), Lepisanthes senegalensis (36,4%), Adansonia digitata L. (31%) etc.
Leaves and barks constituted the greatest use in the form of decocted, macerated, for drinking, inhalating, or fumigation, etc. The result of this study was shown that medicinal plants are promising
in managing HIV/AIDS related diseases. Further investigations are needed to explore the bioactive
compounds of these herbal medicines, aimed at exploring the bioactive compounds that can be
developed into anti-HIV drugs
Auteur(s) : Kady Diatta, William Diatta, Alioune Dior Fall, Serigne Ibra Mbacké Dieng, Amadou Ibrahima Mbaye and El Hadji Ousmane Faye. .
Pages : 1-15,
Année de publication : 2019
Revue : Asian Journal of Research in Botany
N° de volume : 2(4):
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIATTA Kady