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Termites’ diversity in a protected park of the northern Sudanian savanna of Togo (West Africa)

Termites occur in many ecosystems throughout tropical and subtropical areas. eir distribution is driven by several factors, including landscape and some soil characteristics. is study aims to determine soil organic matter’s role on termites’ diversity in a shrubby savanna park. Termites were sampled across tran- sects in 3 sites of Galangashi park (northern part of Togo). e soil in which termites were harvested was analyzed to check organic matter’s in uence on termites’ species richness. A total of 28 termite species belonging to 14 genera and 6 subfamilies were identi ed. Feeding group II (all fungus-growing termites, grass feeders, and wood feeders) was the most important among the three identi ed groups. Nine species (with two potentially new species for sciences: Amitermes sp and Eremotermes sp) were recorded for the rst time in the country. A strong correlation was found between species richness, total organic matter, and total organic carbon, suggesting the in uence of soil richness on termite distribution. e occurrence of the unique member of the feeding group I, Coptotermes intermedius Silvestri, 1912, as well as the oc- currence of Fulleritermes tenebricus Silvestri, 1914 (both wood-dwelling termites), was certainly due to the vegetation. e relatively higher species richness as well as the correlation between the species richness and the organic matter of shrub savanna, suggest a better conservation of this landscape.

Auteur(s) : Toblie Quashie E owe, Boris Dodji Kasseney, Abdoulaye Baïla Ndiaye, Bassan Banibea Sanbena, Komina Amevoin, Isabelle Adolé Glitho
Année de publication : 2021
Revue : Nature Conservation
N° de volume : 43
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : NDIAYE Abdoulaye Baïla