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Oral care offerings in populations of Ferlo (Senegal): the contribution of traditional dentistry

The aim of this study was to examine whether the offering of traditional treatments can constitute a positive contribution to integrate in an oral public health care settings. Method: This was a cross-sec- tional study involving 300 people living in the area of Ferlo in East Central Senegal. Selected individuals must be residents of the area over the age of 15 years. Cluster sampling was used as a recruitment method. Data collected concerned the type of oral health care used whether modern or traditional, the periodontal condition (plaque, gingival and bleeding index, at- tachment loss, pocket depth and CPITN). Dental status was evaluated by DMFT. The data were ana- lyzed with R software and the Student’s t test was used to compare the averages of indices in both groups at the threshold of 5%. A co-variance analysis was allowed in order to determine associations be- tween some indices and therapy type in multivariate approach. Results: Averages of dental and periodon- tal indices were globally higher in people using mod- ern therapies. DMFT, CPITN and gingival index in- creased significantly when the type of therapy was modern after adjustment on the plaque index and age. Conclusion: The traditional dentistry could constitute a positive contribution to a public health care, espe- cially in a context of developing country. However, this practice should be guided and validated by a re- search-based evidence to allow better use of the thera- peutic processes, and promote the health of popula- tions.

Auteur(s) : Diouf M., Boetsch G., Tal-Dia A., Bonfil J.J
Année de publication : 2013
Revue : open journal of epidemiology
N° de volume : 3
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOUF Massamba