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Home Edge Computing Architecture for Smart and Sustainable Agriculture and Breeding

Challenges of today and tomorrow in developing countries to ensure sustainable food security for their populations require smart agriculture and breeding. This necessarily depends on water control, soil erosion, livestock management, and so on. At the same time, Internet of Things (IoT) represents the latest evolution of the Internet and can significantly improve the ability to collect, analyze and retrieve data that we can then transform into information, knowledge and finally knowing. In the context of ensuring smart and sustainable agriculture, the importance of IoT seems obvious. Note that, IoT has implications for bandwidth, latency and processing speeds, given the huge amount of data to collect. Edge computing and Systems are one of the emerging solutions to reduce latency and improve bandwidth utilization for real-time applications and services. Thus, to achieve these aims, we propose, in this paper, a new three-tier architecture (3-TIER) for smart agriculture. It is based on that of Home Edge Computing allowing us to achieve ultra-low latency. This architecture will also allow us to effectively solve the problems related to agriculture and livestock breeding, but also to be able to resolve considerably the conflicts between farmers and herders. This proposal will be followed by an experimental validation of HEC architecture using the EdgeCloudSim simulator.

Auteur(s) : Diané Ibrahima et al.
Année de publication : 2019
Revue : Networking, Information Systems & Security
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIANE Ibrahima