A Mbaye, AA Ngaïde, N.D Gaye, M Gazal, M Ka, M Faye, K Babaka, G Lo, E Kluvi, J.S Mingou, M Dioum, K Niang, F Aw, A Dodo, S.A Sarr, M Bodian, M.B Ndiaye, Ad Kane, MHypertension, Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Complications in Large Population Based Study in S
Objectives: We aim to determine the prevalence of hypertension, cardiovascular risk factors and
complications among the population living in the semi-rural area of Gueoul in Senegal.
Matariels and method: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study. In 2012, we conducted an
exhaustive survey according to the STEPSwise approach of the world health organization among
Senegalese aged of 35 years and over who resided for at least 6 months in semi-rural area. Pregnant
women were excluded. Cardiovascular risk factors and complications were collected and data
analyzed using SPSS 18.0 software. The significance level was agreed for a value of p < 0.05.
Results: We examined 1411 subjects (1052 women) with a mean age of 48.5 ± 12.68 years.
The prevalence of hypertension was 46,4%. The other cardiovascular risk factors were dyslipidemia
(61,1%), sedentarity (56.2%), abdominal obesity according to the International Diabetes Federation
(53.9%), global obesity (13%), diabetes (7.2%) and smoking (2.5%). Hypertension was known in 19%
of case and detected in 27.4%. It was more frequent in subjects over 65 years (p = 0.001), in those
with diabetes (p = 0.001), abdominal (p = 0.001) or global (p = 0.0001) obesity. Some complications
occurred as soon as peripheral arterial disease (28.6 %), coronary artery disease (18.6% %), kidney
disease (37%) and carotid atheroma (8.6%). Hypertensive subjects presented more frequently kidney
disease (p = 0.0001) and carotid atheroma (p = 0.0001) as far as, left ventricular hypertrophy was
noted in 16.7 % of them.
Conclusion: Hypertension and other cardiovascular risk factors are frequent and often associated
with complications in semi-rural area of Senegal. Adapted strategies are necessary to prevent serious
Auteur(s) : A Mbaye, AA Ngaïde, N.D Gaye, M Gazal, M Ka, M Faye, K Babaka, G Lo, E Kluvi, J.S Mingou, M Dioum, K Niang, F Aw, A Dodo, S.A Sarr, M Bodian, M.B Ndia
Pages : 046-049
Année de publication : 2016
Revue : Arch clin hypertens 2016 ; 1(2) : 046-049.
N° de volume : 1 (2)
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : MBAYE Alassane