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The Effect of the Distance Between Dental Structures and

The objective of this study was to assess the effect of the distance between dental structures and localities on the access of preventive measures and periodontal diseases prevalence, by conducting a descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical Survey on 2,254 people living in rural areas. Epi Info version 3.4 software allowed us to make a census of the data. A logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with dependant variables. Word, Excel, SPSS software were used for data analysis and table presentations. The study showed thal dental services are located more than 50 kilometers from the homes of at )east 52% of the population; ca re is expensive for more than 75% of the population; fluoride toothpaste, which is inaccessible and unavailable (52,8%), is often replaced by the chew stick (92%) and 53.6% more than twice daily. ln addition to the inaccessibility oftoothpaste in rural areas, more th an half of the population (52.8%) does not brush the ir teeth. This may be a major cause of the high prevalence of oral disease found in this study. The frequency of oral diseases is high (96,5%), half of the population (49.6%) had deep periodontal pockets, however 12.8% had tartar and 2.4% bleeding gums. This table shows that it is important not only to facilitate access to dental facilities but also to develop information, education and communication (IEC) strategies. An oral health policy focused on rural areas is necessary with the integration of indicators sucb as the availability and accessibility of fluoride toothpaste, the creation of a minimum service package in tural areas.

Auteur(s) : Faye D., Kanouté A., Diop M., Lo CM et al
Pages : 381 - 386
Année de publication : 2016
Revue : Science Journal of Public Health
N° de volume : Numéro 5 vol 4
Type : Article
Statut Editorial : On line
Mise en ligne par : FAYE Daouda