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Profile of Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Sub-Saharan Africa ENT Service

Objectives : to analyze, through a literature review, the features of sensorineural hearing loss, in the context of a sub-Saharan country. ? Design : retrospective review of ent service database for sensorineural hearing loss Setting : University hospital of FANN, Dakar, Senegal Participants : patients who had sensorineural hearing loss between 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2010 Main outcomes measures :? Epidemiological profile and difficulties in management ?Results: ?The average age of patients was 40. Children represented 19.20% (n = 82) of the series. The average age during diagnosis was 10 in children. The series included 231 men (54%) and 196 women (46%). The average time to consultation was 54 months. Unilateral deafness represented 10.54% of the cases. The average hearing loss predominated with a rate of 42.70%, representing 5.94% of deafness. The most common etiologies were presbycusis (29.27%), meningitis (5.15%), malaria (4%). In 47.3% of cases the cause was unknown. Only 1.87% of our patients have received a hearing aid. ?? Conclusion: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) poses etiological diagnosis problems as well as therapeutic management problems. Indeed etiological research and hearing rehabilitation are expensive. These difficulties could be overcome through the development of a program against deafness.

Auteur(s) : Ndiaye C1*, Ahmed H1, Tall A1, Diom ES1, Deguenonvo REA2, Diouf MS2, Maiga S1, Diallo MB2, Mbaye A1, Barry Mw2 and Ndiaye IC1
Année de publication : 2018
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : NDIAYE Ciré