The Senegambia region of West Africa, centered on modern northwestern Guinea-Bissau, was conquered in the 13th century by Tirmakhan Traore on behalf of the Mali empire. From the 16th century these western provinces formed a powerful independent and expansionist Mandingo empire in its own right located along the Gambia and Casamance rivers. It was ruled by an ethnically and social elite military aristocracy which dominated various indigenous peoples including the Balantes, Felupes and Fula. It was fuelled by war and the financial gains of the Saharan and Atlantic slave trade until finally defeated by the Islamic jihadist forces of Futa Jallon in 1867.
Auteur(s) : Mamadou Fall
Année de publication : 2016
Revue : The Encyclopedia of Empire
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : FALL Mamadou