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IMPACT OF IMPLANT SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS ON RISK OF PERI-IMPLANTITIS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

INTRODUCTION: Mucositis and peri-implantitis are peri-implant inflammatory pathologies of infectious origin occurring around implants in function. The differences in the designs of implant systems in their surface chemical characteristics can influence the potential risk of bacterial colonization of the tooth-implant interface. Several animal studies suggest the role of surface conditions in the development of peri-implantitis, but the results remain contradictory and difficult to reproduce in humans. The purpose of this systematic review was to find out the impact of those physical and chemical characteristics of implant surface on the risk for occurrence of peri-implantitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, a systematic review was carried out by means of an electronic search strategy in MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE LIBRARY AND DENTISTRY & ORAL SCIENCES SOURCE, and in the manual search in journals of periodontology and of implant dentistry. This electronic research was combined with manual research in journals specialized in periodontology and implant dentistry. RESULTS: The strategy has helped find 389 papers selected for inclusion in the study, and after application of filters and criteria, only 3 scientific articles have been selected for further analysis. CONCLUSION: The condition of implant surfaces, whether rough or smooth, has no direct influence on the onset of peri-implant disease, except in the presence of other risk factors for peri-implantitis.


Auteur(s) : Mouhamadou Lamine GUIRASSY , Diabel THIAM , Ahmad Moustapha DIALLO , Amine MAFTAH, Abdoulaye DIOUF , Papa Demba DIALLO
Pages : 39-48
Année de publication : 2016
Revue : African Journal of Dentistry & Implantology
N° de volume : N° 8
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIALLO Ahmad Moustapha