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Evaluation of the level of knowledge regarding treatment of halitosis: investigation among dental surgeons in Burkina Faso.

Halitosis is the medical term for bad breath, i.e. the emission of an unpleasant smell from the oral or nasal cavities upon exhalation. This notion of “unpleasant odors” varies, however, according to different cultures, different times, and specific individual sensitivities. In modern society this problem is considered to be a handicap that can impede the development of good social interactions. In order to be able to treat this problem one must, however, first understand how it arises. Halitosis occurs essentially due to a process of degradation by specific bacteria, thereby resulting in the generation of foul smelling gaseous components. This is, therefore, a complex and multifactorial problem. The majority of cases of halitosis (70 to 90%) originate in the oral cavity. Dental surgeons are therefore able to treat the oral lesions that are the basis of bad breath by providing preventative measures that can then stop bad breath from occurring. They have several options at their disposal to evaluate this phenomenon. There are instruments available that allow measurement of the foul smelling gaseous components, while other procedures analyze the bacteria that underlie this condition. These procedures allow for assessment of the severity of the condition and they permit identification of the cause of the halitosis, in conjunction with a clinical examination and an in depth discussion with the patient regarding their condition. The aim of this work was to evaluate the knowledge and the therapeutic approaches favored by dental surgeons in Burkina Faso to treat halitosis. This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in the setting of private, public and semi-private healthcare establishments in the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. Our results reveal that 88% of practitioners deemed the source of bad breath to be an oral one, while 61% also attributed it to gastric issues. Other origins, such as nasal and pulmonary, were given in some cases. To address this condition, 83% of practitioners recommended a symptomatic treatment, against 93% who saw merit in localized treatments.

Auteur(s) : Ndiaye D, Faye B, Léye FB, Lecor PA, Bane K, Boustany K, Touré B
Pages : 1-7(7 pages)
Année de publication : 2015
Revue : Journal of oral health and research
N° de volume : 6(1)
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : LECOR Papa Abdou