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Vulnérabilités socio-contextuelles, circuit de distribution et diffusion du condom féminin à Kédougou (Sénégal)

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Kedougou, a region located in southeast Senegal, is higher than the national average due to commercial sex work and the socio-economic vulnerability of women in the district. In addition, barrier methods such as the female condom are rarely used despite their availability in the community. This article analyzes the factors that affect the distribution and use of female condoms by interrogating the social context in which women access female condoms, and the ways in which they are distributed. The data used derive from qualitative research conducted in gold mining areas in Saraya and Kedougou that have experienced increasing commercial traffic. The study targeted commercial sex workers, married and single men, and community healers and workers. The results suggest that the female condom is generally perceived in a negative way due to its physical discomfort, and the symbolic value assigned to it (“whorm” stigma). Nevertheless, this product is used by married women and commercial sex workers due to its practical value and ability to empower women, as well as its utility in increasing autonomy and control over one’s body and to mitigate social and physical vulnerability. Its utilization remains nevertheless low, not because of perceptions regarding its social and cultural acceptability, but rather due to its limited availability. Community-based distribution strategies (targeting) have a limited ability to overcome social and religious sexual representations and sexual roles.

Auteur(s) : Faye s, Ndiaye Y, Mbaye S etal.
Pages : 239-260
Année de publication : 2013-
Revue : Revue de Sociologie, d'anthropologie et de Psychologie de Dakar
N° de volume : N° 04-05
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : FAYE Sylvain Landry Birane