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Study of the Determinants of Food Diversification Among Pregnant Women in the Dakar Region in 2017 - Senegal

As part of the prevention of nutritional deficiencies in pregnant women, the objective of the study is to identify the determinants of food diversity in pregnant women in the Dakar region. Cross-sectional survey in a three-stage cluster design. Two health districts in the Dakar region were randomly selected from urban and peri-urban areas. All pregnant women in the health centers were surveyed until the sample size was obtained. The data collected are socio-demographic, economic, pregnancy-related factors, practices and knowledge about nutrition and food groups consumed the day before the survey. A bivariate analysis was done using R software. Relevant covariables were included in the linear regression analysis to identify the factors associated with food diversity. A total of 300 pregnant women were surveyed in two different health districts, one in urban and one in peri-urban areas. The average age of women varies between 16 and 45 years with an average of 28.02 years, with a standard deviation of 5.4 years. The average dietary diversity score was 5.47, with a standard deviation of 1.24. Women aged 16 to 19 had the highest food diversity score of 6.12 (±1.54) with a ?=-1.14 [-1.8; -0.48]. This score is lower in urban areas (CS Gaspard Camara) 5.28 than in peri-urban areas (CS Mbao) 5.67, ?=0.39 [0.12; 0.67]. Women with three or more children had a more diversified diet with ?=0.56 [0.12; 0.67]. The income of the head of household is decisive for the diversification of pregnant women with ?=0.79 [0.24; 1.35]. The dietary knowledge and practices related to dietary diversity of pregnant women was the consumption of mineral water ?=0.27 [0.001; 0.5].


Auteur(s) : Maty Diagne Camara1, Oumar Bassoum2, Cheikh Tacko Diop3, Thérésa Foucko Moko1, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye2, Mayacine Ndiongue2, Jean Augustin Diégane
Pages : pp. 42-47
Année de publication : 2020
Revue : Central African Journal of Public Health
N° de volume : Vol. 6, No. 1
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIAGNE Maty