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Factors Affecting Mortality in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults at a Teaching Hospital in Dakar

SUMMARY Objective: To assess factors contributing to mortality of adult pobents admitted to intensive care units for severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). PaJients and methods: This is a retrospective, descriptive and analytical study. lncluded in the study wcre ali adults patients admitted for severe TBI. From the hospital records, socio-demographic, clinicat, and paraclinical data was collected. Data on bandling by the intensive care unit and the complications that occurred dwing this period were also collecled The Epi-data software wns used to enter the data and the Epi-info software for the data analysis. The Chi 2 test and F1sher exact lest \\~re used for data aoalysis for probabtli~ testing Vlhere appropnale A p-value < 0,05 VIas considered as statistically stgruficant. Resu/Js: Over the period of the study, 124 severe TBI were admitted m the neurological resuscitalton unit of the Dakar Fann Teaching Hospital, representing 39.2% of ali TBL The avemge age of the patients was 41 6 years [15-74 years]. The Glasgow score was between 7 and8 for 74 patients (60.3%) and between3 and6 for 50 patients (39.7%). Mortality rate wns at 63.2%. Age~ .. 60 y cars, low blood pressure, hypoxaemia, and hypernatrcmia wcre the factors associated with an increased mortality. Conclusion: Prognosis for severe TBI is narrowly tied to the occurrence of secondary brain attack factors from a systemic origin. Their carly prevention and handling should be a primary concern for resuscitation specialists. Keywords: Severe TBI, Secondary brain attacks of systemic origin, lactors affecting Mortality.


Auteur(s) : BAH M.D, FALL M. L, LEYE PA, NDIAYE P. I, BEYE M. D, KANE O, DIOUF E.
Pages : 6-9.
Année de publication : 2015
Revue : African Journal of Anesthesia and Intensive Care
N° de volume : 15 (2)
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : DIOUF Elisabeth