Community Approach to Fight against Noma in a Developing Country: The Case of Senegal
Noma is a disease of early childhood and is unk.nown
to the health staff and community. Prevention and care become
difficult. To help elimina te this disease in the population of Sen egal,
we conducted a study, which aim was to improve the fight against
nomain our country.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted from 2012 to
2014 at the district leve! health, regions of Saint-Louis, Matam,
Kaolack, and Diourbel. The activities focused on pleading, training,
sensitization, epidemiologïcal supervision, and management of
Results: The pleading focused on aU the district local authorities.
For the training, 94.6% of people from rural areas: Community
health workers, traditional birth attendants, relays, traditional
healers, nurses, and midwives. Awareness concerned 2500 persons
consisting of mothers, members of social associations, and women' s
groups. As regards epidemiological supervision, 96.5% of detected
cases of noma and necrotizing gingivitis were from rural areas.
31 cases of noma were diagnosed from 2012 to 2014 including
6 in 2012, 15 in 2013, and 20 cases in 2014. The vast majority of
these cases (75%) were managed at the leve! ofhealth boxes at the
beginning of the disease.
Conclusion: The management of nom a based on pleading, training,
staff awareness of health, community, and people ( especially
mothers) can greatly con tribu te to screening and treatment of
cases. The approach to fight against this disease in developing
co un tries can be recommended for a better understanding of the
pathology to elimina te it.
Auteur(s) : Daouda Faye, Aida Kanouté, Lo CMM
Pages : 1 - 4
Année de publication : 2016
Revue : Journal of International Oral Health
N° de volume : numéro 5, Vol 8
Type : Article
Statut Editorial : on line
Mise en ligne par : FAYE Daouda