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Can Fishing Pressure Invert the Outcome of Interspecific Competition? The Case of the Thiof and of the Octopus Along the Senegalese Coast.

We present a mathematical model of two competing marine species that are harvested. We consider three models according to different levels of complexity, without and with species refuge and density-independent and density-dependent species movement between fishing area and refuge. We particularly study the effectsof the fishing pressure on the outcome of the competition. We focus on conditions thatallow an inferior competitor to invade as a result of fishing pressure. The model is discussed in relationship to the case of the thiof and the octopus along the Atlantic West African coast. At the origin, the thiof was abundant and the octopus scarce in that region. Since, the fishing pressure has strongly increased in some fishing areas leading to the depletion of the thiof and the invasion of its competitor, the octopus.

Auteur(s) : Thuy Nguyen-Phuong, Doanh Nguyen- Ngoc, Pierre Auger, Sidy Ly, Didier Jouffre
Année de publication : 2016
Type : Article
Mise en ligne par : LY Sidy